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Inference - Definition

This page defines inference.

Inference is a logical process of creating a new statement from available and true other statements.

There are three types of inferences: deductive, abductive and inductive.

  • Deductive inference - The process by which a conclusion is logically inferred from certain premises
  • Abductive inference - The process of adopting an explanatory hypothesis, of finding premises. It covers two operations: the selection and the formation of plausible hypotheses.
  • Inductive inference - The process by which a conclusion is inferred from multiple observations